In 2022, the September full moon is the closest to the autumnal equinox, which falls on September 22, which is why it is called the harvest moon. according to the old farmer’s almanac
. When the full moon in October is closest to the equinox, it is called the harvest moon, and the one in September is called the corn moon.
Other full moons during the year stay on that 50-minute timeline, according to EarthSky
The earliest harvest rising time occurs on the northern hemisphere moon near the autumnal equinox when the moon’s orbit is closest to the eastern horizon, The old farmer’s almanac said
. The moon’s orbit moves about 12 degrees east each day, but because September’s full moon is so close to the horizon, it rises earlier than usual, according to the almanac.
Moonlight lasts from dawn to dusk for a few nights in a row, giving farmers light to continue working at night. earthsky said
In the southern hemisphere, this effect occurs around the spring equinox in March or April, according to EarthSky
When the moon begins its ascent in the sky, it can be seen as a burnt orange hue. This is because there is a thicker layer of Earth’s atmosphere along the horizon compared to directly overhead, according to EarthSky.
That atmosphere acts as a filter, turning the moon an eerie color when it first rises above the horizon.
The Harvest Moon may also appear larger in the sky compared to other full moons, but your eyes are playing tricks on you.
Any full moon will appear larger along the horizon, so the location of the harvest moon near the horizon makes this optical illusion more noticeable. earthsky said
Remaining events in 2022
Three more full moons will occur this year, according to the old farmer’s almanac
October 9: Hunter’s Moon
• November 8: beaver moon
•December 7: Cold Moon
Native American tribes have different names
for full moons, such as the Cheyenne tribe’s “dry grass moon” for the one that occurs in September, and the Arapaho tribe’s “busted trees” for the full moon that occurs in December.
See the peak of these upcoming meteor shower events later this year, according to EarthSky’s 2022 meteor shower guide
• Draconids: October 8 and 9
• Orionids: October 20 and 21
• South Taurids: November 5
• Northern Taurids: November 12
• Leonidas: November 17-18
• Geminids: December 13 and 14
• Ursids: December 22-23
And there will be one more total lunar eclipse and one partial solar eclipse in 2022, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac
. The partial solar eclipse on October 25 will be visible to people in parts of Greenland, Iceland, most of Europe, northeast Africa, and western and central Asia.
The total lunar eclipse on November 8 will be visible in Asia, Australia, the Pacific, South America and North America between 3:02 and 8:56 am ET. But for people in eastern North America, the moon will set during that time.
Wear proper eclipse glasses to view solar eclipses safely, as sunlight can damage your eyes.
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